Jade Emperor/Yu Huang Tai Di 玉皇大 帝/Ngọc Hoàng Thượng Đế
The Jade Emperor (Chinese: 玉皇; pinyin: Yù Huáng or 玉帝, Yù Dì) in Chinese culture, traditional religions and myth is one of the representations of the first god (太帝 tài dì). In Daoist theology he is the assistant of Yuanshi Tianzun, who is one of the Three Pure Ones, the three primordial emanations of the Tao. He is also the Cao Đài ("Highest Power") of Caodaism known as Ngọc Hoàng Thượng đế. In Buddhist cosmology he is identified with Śakra. In Korean mythology he is known as Haneullim.
The Jade Emperor is known by many names, including Heavenly Grandfather (天公, Tiān Gōng), which originally meant "Heavenly Duke", which is used by commoners; the Jade Lord; the Highest Emperor; Great Emperor of Jade (玉皇上帝, Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝, Yu Huang Dadi).
̣(1) In Buddhism, Sakra is considered the lord of devas and, unlike in Hinduism, Indra and Sakra are different deities. Sakra is called Sakra Devanam Indra who rules Trayastrimsa heaven, which is at the top of Mount Meru and is the highest heaven. The deities of this heaven are mortal, hence the passing away of a Sakra will bring the next Sakra to the throne. In Jainism, Sakra is Lord Indra and in his heavens reside jinas, the spiritual victors.